On This Day in 634 – Siege of Damascus: The Rashidun Arabs under Khalid ibn al-Walid capture Damascus from the Byzantine Empire.

History Delivered

APIzen.Date is a simple API that can be used to fetch historical events into JSON format. While it's not hard to find a "on this day" API, most of them require registration or just plain suck. Our API makes development quick and to the point.

No API Key Required

The OTD-API can be used free of charge but you may not use this service in a manner that exceeds reasonable request volume. When no API key is provided, attribution is required and the number of requests per IP address is limited.

Check out the full documentation →

Unlimited Requests

If you would like to enable Access-Control-Allow-Origin headers, obtain unlimited API requests and run your own version of ZenQuotes, please consider a premium subscription.


Events for September 19

1985A strong earthquake kills thousands and destroys about 400 buildings in Mexico City.

2017 – The 2017 Puebla earthquake strikes Mexico, causing 370 deaths and over 6,000 injuries, as well as extensive damage.

1778 – The Continental Congress passes the first United States federal budget.

1799French Revolutionary Wars: French-Dutch victory against the Russians and British in the Battle of Bergen.

1985Tipper Gore and other political wives form the Parents Music Resource Center as Frank Zappa and other musicians testify at U.S. Congressional hearings on obscenity in rock music.

1893 – In New Zealand, the Electoral Act of 1893 is consented to by the governor, giving all women in New Zealand the right to vote.

2011Mariano Rivera of the New York Yankees surpasses Trevor Hoffman to become Major League Baseball's all-time saves leader with 602.

1868La Gloriosa begins in Spain.

1991Ötzi the Iceman is discovered in the Alps on the border between Italy and Austria.

2006 – The Thai army stages a coup. The Constitution is revoked and martial law is declared.

1952 – The United States bars Charlie Chaplin from re-entering the country after a trip to England.

1944 – World War II: The Battle of Hürtgen Forest begins. It will become the longest individual battle that the U.S. Army has ever fought.

1976 – Two Imperial Iranian Air Force F-4 Phantom II jets fly out to investigate an unidentified flying object, when both independently lose instrumentation and communications as they approach, only to have them restored upon withdrawal.

1940 – World War II: Witold Pilecki is voluntarily captured and sent to Auschwitz concentration camp to gather and smuggle out information for the resistance movement.

2016 – In the wake of a manhunt, the suspect in a series of bombings in New York and New Jersey is apprehended after a shootout with police.

1957Plumbbob Rainier becomes the first nuclear explosion to be entirely contained underground, producing no fallout.

1916World War I: During the East African Campaign, colonial forces of the Belgian Congo (Force Publique) under the command of Charles Tombeur capture the town of Tabora after heavy fighting.

1989 – A bomb destroys UTA Flight 772 in mid-air above the Tùnùrù Desert, Niger, killing all 170 passengers and crew.

1970Michael Eavis hosts the first Glastonbury Festival.

1777American Revolutionary War: British forces win a tactically expensive victory over the Continental Army in the First Battle of Saratoga.

1846 – Two French shepherd children, Mélanie Calvat and Maximin Giraud, experience a Marian apparition on a mountaintop near La Salette, France, now known as Our Lady of La Salette.

1864 – American Civil War: Union troops under Philip Sheridan defeat a Confederate force commanded by Jubal Early. With over 50,000 troops engaged, it was the largest battle fought in the Shenandoah Valley.

1870Franco-Prussian War: The siege of Paris begins. The city will hold out for over four months before surrendering.

2019 – A drone strike by the United States kills 30 civilian farmers in Afghanistan.

Notable Births & Deaths for September 19

  1989Tyreke Evans, American basketball player
  1988Kenny Britt, American football player
  1985 – Nathanael Liminski, German politician
  2018Arthur Mitchell, American ballet dancer & choreographer (b. 1934)
  2012 – Itamar Singer, Romanian-Israeli historian and author (b. 1946)
  2017Leonid Kharitonov, Russian bass-baritone (b. 1933)
  1985Gio González, American baseball player
  1981 – Rick DiPietro, American ice hockey player
  2011Thomas Capano, American lawyer and politician (b. 1949)
  1986 – Sally Pearson, Australian athlete
  1981Damiano Cunego, Italian cyclist
  1987Carlos Quintero, Colombian footballer
  2009Milton Meltzer, American historian and author (b. 1915)
  1982 – Eduardo Carvalho, Portuguese footballer
  1992Jiro Kuroshio, Japanese wrestler
  2012 – Bettye Lane, American photographer and journalist (b. 1930)
  2013 – John Reger, American football player (b. 1931)
  2020John Turner, Canadian politician, 17th Prime Minister of Canada
  2008Earl Palmer, American rhythm and blues drummer (b. 1924)
  1990 – Savvas Gentsoglou, Greek footballer
  2013Robert Barnard, English author and critic (b. 1936)
  2012 – Cecil Gordon, American race car driver (b. 1941)
  1986Leon Best, English footballer
  2011 – Dolores Hope, American singer (b. 1909)
  1984 – Danny Valencia, American baseball player
  2012Rino Ferrario, Italian footballer (b. 1926)
  2013 – William Ungar, Polish-American author and philanthropist, founded the National Envelope Corporation (b. 1913)
  2015Jackie Collins, English novelist (b. 1937)
  2015 – Masajuro Shiokawa, Japanese economist and politician, 63rd Japanese Minister of Finance (b. 1921)
  1984Eva Marie, American wrestler
  2015 – Todd Ewen, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1966)
  1982 – Jordan Parise, American ice hockey player
  2013 – Hiroshi Yamauchi, Japanese businessman (b. 1927)
  1992 – Diego Antonio Reyes, Mexican footballer
  1982Shaun Barker, English footballer
  1990Saki Fukuda, Japanese actress and singer
  1982 – Eleni Daniilidou, Greek tennis player
  2011 – George Cadle Price, 1st Prime Minister of Belize (b. 1919)
  2009 – Eduard Zimmermann, German journalist (b. 1929)
  1985 – Alun Wyn Jones, Welsh rugby player
  1985 – Song Joong-ki, South Korean actor
  2018 – Bernard "Bunny" Carr, Irish TV presenter (b. 1927)
  2013 – John D. Vanderhoof, American banker and politician, 37th Governor of Colorado (b. 1922)
  2014Audrey Long, American actress (b. 1922)
  1980 – Dimitri Yachvili, French rugby player
  2019Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, Tunisian soldier, politician, 2nd President of Tunisia (b. 1936)
  1984 – Ángel Reyna, Mexican footballer
  1990 – Kieran Trippier, English footballer

 Quick Start

Our API is incredibly easy to use, check out the code samples below to get started:

Read the full documentation →

Fetch Historical Events

All you need to do is send a request to https://apizen.date/api/[month]/[day]/[key] in order to generate a JSON array of historical events, including notable births and deaths. API data pulled from WikiPedia.

*[key] not required but recommended.

Sample Requests

https://apizen.date/api/1/1 - Generate notable events, births, and deaths for January 1.

https://apizen.date/api/5/5 - Generate notable events, births, and deaths for May 5.

https://apizen.date/api/12/25 - Generate notable events, births, and deaths for December 25.


The result data is formatted as a JSON array, grouped by event type.

{ "info":"OnThisDay API", "date":"April_20", "updated":"1615972324",
  "Events":[ { "text":"1303 &#8211; The Sapienza University of Rome is instituted by a bull of Pope Boniface VIII.&#91;1&#93;", "html":"<a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/1303\" title=\"1303\">1303</a> &#8211; The <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Sapienza_University_of_Rome\" title=\"Sapienza University of Rome\">Sapienza University of Rome</a> is instituted by a <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Papal_bull\" title=\"Papal bull\">bull</a> of <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Boniface_VIII\" title=\"Pope Boniface VIII\">Pope Boniface VIII</a>." },
  //.. MORE DATA ..//
  "Births":[ { "text":"1494 &#8211; Johannes Agricola, German theologian and reformer (d. 1566)&#91;8&#93;", "html":"<a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/1494\" title=\"1494\">1494</a> &#8211; <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Johannes_Agricola\" title=\"Johannes Agricola\">Johannes Agricola</a>, German theologian and reformer (d. 1566)" },
  //.. MORE DATA ..//
  "Deaths":[ { "text":"689 &#8211; Cædwalla, king of Wessex (b. 659)&#91;21&#93;", "html":"<a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/689\" title=\"689\">689</a> &#8211; <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/C%C3%A6dwalla_of_Wessex\" title=\"Cædwalla of Wessex\">Cædwalla</a>, king of <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Wessex\" title=\"Wessex\">Wessex</a> (b. 659)" },
  //.. MORE DATA ..//
} }

 Usage Limits and Attribution

Requests are restricted to 5 per 30 second period, an API key or registered IP is required for unlimited access and to enable Access-Control-Allow-Origin headers. We require that you show attribution with a link back to https://apizen.date/ when using the free version of this API. Contact support@zenquotes.io to chat with our friendly dev team and get registered.

Historical event data provided by <a href="https://apizen.date/" target="_blank">APIzen</a>
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