On This Day in 0033 – Heartbroken by the deaths of her sons Nero and Drusus, and banished to the island of Pandateria by Tiberius, Agrippina the Elder dies of self-inflected starvation.[1]

History Delivered

APIzen.Date is a simple API that can be used to fetch historical events into JSON format. While it's not hard to find a "on this day" API, most of them require registration or just plain suck. Our API makes development quick and to the point.

No API Key Required

The OTD-API can be used free of charge but you may not use this service in a manner that exceeds reasonable request volume. When no API key is provided, attribution is required and the number of requests per IP address is limited.

Check out the full documentation →

Unlimited Requests

If you would like to enable Access-Control-Allow-Origin headers, obtain unlimited API requests and run your own version of ZenQuotes, please consider a premium subscription.

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Events for October 18


1900 – Count Bernhard von Bülow becomes chancellor of Germany.

1648 – Boston shoemakers form first American labor organization.

1991 – The Supreme Council of Azerbaijan adopts a declaration of independence from the Soviet Union.

1561 – In Japan the fourth Battle of Kawanakajima is fought between the forces of Uesugi Kenshin and Takeda Shingen, resulting in a draw.

1565 – Ships belonging to the Matsura clan of Japan fail to capture the Portuguese trading carrack in the Battle of Fukuda Bay, the first recorded naval battle between Japan and the West.

1081 – The Normans defeat the Byzantine Empire in the Battle of Dyrrhachium.

1797Treaty of Campo Formio is signed between France and Austria

1851Herman Melville's Moby-Dick is first published as The Whale by Richard Bentley of London.

1898 – The United States takes possession of Puerto Rico from Spain.

1921 – The Crimean Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic is formed as part of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic.

1009 – The Church of the Holy Sepulchre, a Christian church in Jerusalem, is completely destroyed by the Fatimid caliph Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah, who hacks the Church's foundations down to bedrock.

1963Félicette, a black and white female Parisian stray cat, becomes the first cat launched into space.

0614 – King Chlothar II promulgates the Edict of Paris (Edictum Chlotacharii), a sort of Frankish Magna Carta that defends the rights of the Frankish nobles while it excludes Jews from all civil employment in the Frankish Kingdom.

1967 – The Soviet probe Venera 4 reaches Venus and becomes the first spacecraft to measure the atmosphere of another planet.

2019NASA Astronauts Jessica Meir and Christina Koch take part in the first all-female spacewalk when they venture out of the International Space Station to replace a power controller.

1979 – The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) begins allowing people to have home satellite earth stations without a federal government license.

1912First Balkan War: King Peter I of Serbia issues a declaration "To the Serbian People", as his country joins the war.

1540 – Spanish conquistador Hernando de Soto's forces destroy the fortified town of Mabila in present-day Alabama, killing Tuskaloosa.

2003Bolivian gas conflict: Bolivian President Gonzalo Sánchez de Lozada is forced to resign and leave Bolivia.

1945 – Argentine military officer and politician Juan Perón marries actress Eva Duarte.

2019 – Riots in Chile's capital Santiago escalate into open battles, attacks were reported at nearly all of the citys 164 Metro stations. President Piñera announced a 15-day state of emergency in the capital.

1945 – The USSR's nuclear program receives plans for the United States plutonium bomb from Klaus Fuchs at the Los Alamos National Laboratory.

1945 – A group of the Venezuelan Armed Forces, led by Mario Vargas, Marcos Pérez Jiménez and Carlos Delgado Chalbaud, stages a coup d'état against president Isaías Medina Angarita, who is overthrown by the end of the day.

1929 – The Judicial Committee of the Privy Council overrules the Supreme Court of Canada in Edwards v. Canada when it declares that women are considered "Persons" under Canadian law.

Notable Births & Deaths for October 18

  1989Laci Green, American YouTube personality, video blogger, sex educator, and activist
  2007 – Vincent DeDomenico, American businessman, founded the Napa Valley Wine Train (b. 1915)
  1988Tessa Schram, Dutch director and actress
  2007 – Lucky Dube, South African singer-songwriter and keyboard player (b. 1964)
  1991Roly Bonevacia, Dutch footballer
  1985Yoenis Céspedes, Cuban baseball player
  2015 – Frank Watkins, American bass player (b. 1968)
  1982 – Mark Sampson, Welsh footballer and manager
  2015Robert Dickerson, Australian painter (b. 1924)
  2015 – Gamal El-Ghitani, Egyptian journalist and author (b. 1945)
  2015 – Paul West, English-American author, poet, and academic (b. 1930)
  2013 – Allan Stanley, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1926)
  2010Marion Brown, American saxophonist and musicologist (b. 1931)
  2012 – Slater Martin, American basketball player and coach (b. 1925)
  1992John John Florence, American professional surfer
  1989 – Riisa Naka, Japanese model and actress
  2012 – David S. Ware, American saxophonist and composer (b. 1949)
  1982 – Simon Gotch, American wrestler
  1984 – Lindsey Vonn, American skier
  2013 – Bum Phillips, American football player and coach (b. 1923)
  2014 – Edward Regan, American academic and politician (b. 1930)
  1984 – Esperanza Spalding, American singer-songwriter and bassist
  1984 – Freida Pinto, Indian actress and model
  2012 – Albert Lee Ueltschi, American pilot and businessman, founded FlightSafety International (b. 1917)
  1986Wilma Elles, German actress and fashion designer
  1987Zac Efron, American actor and singer
  2014 – Sidney Shapiro, American-Chinese author and translator (b. 1915)
  2012Brain Damage, American wrestler (b. 1977)
  2012 – Sylvia Kristel, Dutch model and actress (b. 1952)
  1984Robert Harting, German discus thrower
  1990 – Drew Crawford, American basketball player
  1984 – Milo Yiannopoulos, British journalist and public speaker
  2015 – Robert W. Farquhar, American engineer (b. 1932)
  2009Adriaan Kortlandt, Dutch ethologist and biologist (b. 1918)
  2008Dee Dee Warwick, American singer (b. 1945)
  2013 – Bill Young, American sergeant and politician (b. 1930)
  2014Mariano Lebrón Saviñón, Dominican author and academic (b. 1922)
  1994Pascal Wehrlein, German-Mauritian Formula One driver
  1985 – Andrew Garcia, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  1990Bristol Palin, American public speaker and reality television personality
  1990 – Brittney Griner, American professional basketball player
  2012 – George Mattos, American pole vaulter (b. 1929)
  2013Tom Foley, American lawyer and politician, 57th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (b. 1929)
  1987 – Freja Beha Erichsen, Danish model
  1991 – Tyler Posey, American actor and musician
  2009 – Nancy Spero, American painter and academic (b. 1926)
  1983Dante, Brazilian footballer
  1993Ivan Cavaleiro, Portuguese professional footballer

 Quick Start

Our API is incredibly easy to use, check out the code samples below to get started:

Read the full documentation →

Fetch Historical Events

All you need to do is send a request to https://apizen.date/api/[month]/[day]/[key] in order to generate a JSON array of historical events, including notable births and deaths. API data pulled from WikiPedia.

*[key] not required but recommended.


Sample Requests

https://apizen.date/api/1/1 - Generate notable events, births, and deaths for January 1.

https://apizen.date/api/5/5 - Generate notable events, births, and deaths for May 5.

https://apizen.date/api/12/25 - Generate notable events, births, and deaths for December 25.


Response

The result data is formatted as a JSON array, grouped by event type.


{ "info":"OnThisDay API", "date":"April_20", "updated":"1615972324",
"data":{
  "Events":[ { "text":"1303 &#8211; The Sapienza University of Rome is instituted by a bull of Pope Boniface VIII.&#91;1&#93;", "html":"<a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/1303\" title=\"1303\">1303</a> &#8211; The <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Sapienza_University_of_Rome\" title=\"Sapienza University of Rome\">Sapienza University of Rome</a> is instituted by a <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Papal_bull\" title=\"Papal bull\">bull</a> of <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Boniface_VIII\" title=\"Pope Boniface VIII\">Pope Boniface VIII</a>." },
  //.. MORE DATA ..//
  "Births":[ { "text":"1494 &#8211; Johannes Agricola, German theologian and reformer (d. 1566)&#91;8&#93;", "html":"<a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/1494\" title=\"1494\">1494</a> &#8211; <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Johannes_Agricola\" title=\"Johannes Agricola\">Johannes Agricola</a>, German theologian and reformer (d. 1566)" },
  //.. MORE DATA ..//
  "Deaths":[ { "text":"689 &#8211; Cædwalla, king of Wessex (b. 659)&#91;21&#93;", "html":"<a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/689\" title=\"689\">689</a> &#8211; <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/C%C3%A6dwalla_of_Wessex\" title=\"Cædwalla of Wessex\">Cædwalla</a>, king of <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Wessex\" title=\"Wessex\">Wessex</a> (b. 659)" },
  //.. MORE DATA ..//
} }

 Usage Limits and Attribution

Requests are restricted to 5 per 30 second period, an API key or registered IP is required for unlimited access and to enable Access-Control-Allow-Origin headers. We require that you show attribution with a link back to https://apizen.date/ when using the free version of this API. Contact support@zenquotes.io to chat with our friendly dev team and get registered.

Historical event data provided by <a href="https://apizen.date/" target="_blank">APIzen</a>
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