On This Day in 800 – Charlemagne judges the accusations against Pope Leo III in the Vatican.

History Delivered

APIzen.Date is a simple API that can be used to fetch historical events into JSON format. While it's not hard to find a "on this day" API, most of them require registration or just plain suck. Our API makes development quick and to the point.

No API Key Required

The OTD-API can be used free of charge but you may not use this service in a manner that exceeds reasonable request volume. When no API key is provided, attribution is required and the number of requests per IP address is limited.

Check out the full documentation →

Unlimited Requests

If you would like to enable Access-Control-Allow-Origin headers, obtain unlimited API requests and run your own version of ZenQuotes, please consider a premium subscription.


Events for December 1

1984NASA conducts the Controlled Impact Demonstration, wherein an airliner is deliberately crashed in order to test technologies and gather data to help improve survivability of crashes.

1662 – Diarist John Evelyn records skating on the frozen lake in St James's Park, London, watched by Charles II and Queen Catherine.

1821José Núñez de Cáceres wins the independence of the Dominican Republic from Spain and names the new territory the Republic of Spanish Haiti.

1964Vietnam War: U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson and his top-ranking advisers meet to discuss plans to bomb North Vietnam.

1955American Civil Rights Movement: In Montgomery, Alabama, seamstress Rosa Parks refuses to give up her bus seat to a white man and is arrested for violating the city's racial segregation laws, an incident which leads to that city's bus boycott.

1990Channel Tunnel sections started from the United Kingdom and France meet beneath the seabed.

1959Cold War: Opening date for signature of the Antarctic Treaty, which sets aside Antarctica as a scientific preserve and bans military activity on the continent.

1828 – Argentine general Juan Lavalle makes a coup against governor Manuel Dorrego, beginning the Decembrist revolution.

1974 – Northwest Airlines Flight 6231, another Boeing 727, crashes northwest of John F. Kennedy International Airport.

1971 – Purge of Croatian Spring leaders starts in Yugoslavia at the meeting of the League of Communists at the Karađorđevo estate

1958 – The Our Lady of the Angels School fire in Chicago kills 92 children and three nuns.

1824United States presidential election: Since no candidate received a majority of the total electoral college votes in the election, the United States House of Representatives is given the task of deciding the winner in accordance with the Twelfth Amendment to the United States Constitution.

2019Arsenal Women 11–1 Bristol City Women breaks the record for most goals scored in a FA Women's Super League match, with Vivianne Miedema involved in ten of the eleven Arsenal goals.

1900 – Nicaragua sells canal rights to U.S. for $5 million. The canal agreement fails in March 1901. Great Britain rejects amended treaty

1768 – The former slave ship Fredensborg sinks off Tromøya in Norway.

800Charlemagne judges the accusations against Pope Leo III in the Vatican.

1974TWA Flight 514, a Boeing 727, crashes northwest of Dulles International Airport, killing all 92 people on board.

1969 – Vietnam War: The first draft lottery in the United States is held since World War II.

2018 – The Oulu Police informed the public about the first offence of the much larger child sexual exploitation in Oulu, Finland.

1918Transylvania unites with Romania, following the incorporation of Bessarabia (March 27) and Bukovina (November 28) and thus concluding the Great Union.

1934 – In the Soviet Union, Politburo member Sergey Kirov is assassinated. Stalin uses the incident as a pretext to initiate the Great Purge.

1958 – The Central African Republic attains self-rule within the French Union.

1971Cambodian Civil War: Khmer Rouge rebels intensify assaults on Cambodian government positions, forcing their retreat from Kompong Thmar and nearby Ba Ray.

Notable Births & Deaths for December 1

  2012 – Rick Majerus, American basketball player and coach (b. 1948)
  1988Zoë Kravitz, American actress, singer, and model
  2013 – Martin Sharp, Australian cartoonist and songwriter (b. 1942)
  2015 – Jim Loscutoff, American basketball player (b. 1930)
  2014 – Dimitrios Trichopoulos, Greek epidemiologist, oncologist, and academic (b. 1938)
  1991 – Noel Acciari, American ice hockey player
  1992 – Linos Chrysikopoulos, Greek basketball player
  1990Tomáš Tatar, Slovak ice hockey player
  1987 – Tabarie Henry, Virgin Islander sprinter
  1997Sada Williams, Barbadian sprinter
  1994Seedy Njie, English footballer
  2015 – John F. Kurtzke, American neurologist and academic (b. 1926)
  2015 – Trevor Obst, Australian footballer and coach (b. 1940)
  1988 – Dan Mavraides, Greek-American basketball player
  2012 – Arthur Chaskalson, South African lawyer and judge, 18th Chief Justice of South Africa (b. 1931)
  2014 – Rocky Wood, New Zealand-Australian author (b. 1959)
  2015Rob Blokzijl, Dutch physicist and computer scientist (b. 1943)
  1985 – Emiliano Viviano, Italian footballer
  1988 – Tyler Joseph, American musician and singer
  2018Vivian Lynn, New Zealand artist (b. 1931)
  1986DeSean Jackson, American football player
  1995Agnė Čepelytė, Lithuanian tennis player
  1991Hilda Melander, Swedish tennis player
  2014Mario Abramovich, Argentinian violinist and composer (b. 1926)
  1995 – James Wilson, English footballer
  1987 – Vance Joy, Australian singer-songwriter
  2012 – Ed Price, American soldier, pilot, and politician (b. 1918)
  1995 – Jenna Fife, Scottish footballer
  2015 – Joseph Engelberger, American physicist and engineer (b. 1925)
  2011Christa Wolf, German author and critic (b. 1929)
  2013 – Stirling Colgate, American physicist and academic (b. 1925)
  1992Masahudu Alhassan, Ghanaian footballer
  2019Paula Tilbrook, English actress (b. 1930)
  2012Jovan Belcher, American football player (b. 1987)
  1992 – Javier Báez, Puerto Rican baseball player
  1991 – Sun Yang, Chinese swimmer
  1992 – Marco van Ginkel, Dutch footballer
  1987 – Brett Williams, English footballer
  1993Reena Pärnat, Estonian archer
  2020Arnie Robinson, American athlete (b. 1948)
  1989Sotelúm, Mexican trumpet player, composer, and producer
  2013 – Edward Heffron, American soldier (b. 1923)
  2010 – Hillard Elkins, American actor and producer (b. 1929)
  2008 – Joseph B. Wirthlin, American businessman and religious leader (b. 1917)
  2018 – Ken Berry, American actor, dancer, and singer (b. 1933)
  2010Adriaan Blaauw, Dutch astronomer and academic (b. 1914)
  2013Richard Coughlan, English drummer (b. 1947)
  1987Simon Dawkins, English footballer

 Quick Start

Our API is incredibly easy to use, check out the code samples below to get started:

Read the full documentation →

Fetch Historical Events

All you need to do is send a request to https://apizen.date/api/[month]/[day]/[key] in order to generate a JSON array of historical events, including notable births and deaths. API data pulled from WikiPedia.

*[key] not required but recommended.

Sample Requests

https://apizen.date/api/1/1 - Generate notable events, births, and deaths for January 1.

https://apizen.date/api/5/5 - Generate notable events, births, and deaths for May 5.

https://apizen.date/api/12/25 - Generate notable events, births, and deaths for December 25.


The result data is formatted as a JSON array, grouped by event type.

{ "info":"OnThisDay API", "date":"April_20", "updated":"1615972324",
  "Events":[ { "text":"1303 &#8211; The Sapienza University of Rome is instituted by a bull of Pope Boniface VIII.&#91;1&#93;", "html":"<a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/1303\" title=\"1303\">1303</a> &#8211; The <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Sapienza_University_of_Rome\" title=\"Sapienza University of Rome\">Sapienza University of Rome</a> is instituted by a <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Papal_bull\" title=\"Papal bull\">bull</a> of <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Boniface_VIII\" title=\"Pope Boniface VIII\">Pope Boniface VIII</a>." },
  //.. MORE DATA ..//
  "Births":[ { "text":"1494 &#8211; Johannes Agricola, German theologian and reformer (d. 1566)&#91;8&#93;", "html":"<a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/1494\" title=\"1494\">1494</a> &#8211; <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Johannes_Agricola\" title=\"Johannes Agricola\">Johannes Agricola</a>, German theologian and reformer (d. 1566)" },
  //.. MORE DATA ..//
  "Deaths":[ { "text":"689 &#8211; Cædwalla, king of Wessex (b. 659)&#91;21&#93;", "html":"<a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/689\" title=\"689\">689</a> &#8211; <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/C%C3%A6dwalla_of_Wessex\" title=\"Cædwalla of Wessex\">Cædwalla</a>, king of <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Wessex\" title=\"Wessex\">Wessex</a> (b. 659)" },
  //.. MORE DATA ..//
} }

 Usage Limits and Attribution

Requests are restricted to 5 per 30 second period, an API key or registered IP is required for unlimited access and to enable Access-Control-Allow-Origin headers. We require that you show attribution with a link back to https://apizen.date/ when using the free version of this API. Contact support@zenquotes.io to chat with our friendly dev team and get registered.

Historical event data provided by <a href="https://apizen.date/" target="_blank">APIzen</a>
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