On This Day in 796 – King Æthelred I of Northumbria is murdered in Corbridge by a group led by his ealdormen, Ealdred and Wada. The patrician Osbald is crowned, but abdicates within 27 days.[1]

History Delivered

APIzen.Date is a simple API that can be used to fetch historical events into JSON format. While it's not hard to find a "on this day" API, most of them require registration or just plain suck. Our API makes development quick and to the point.

No API Key Required

The OTD-API can be used free of charge but you may not use this service in a manner that exceeds reasonable request volume. When no API key is provided, attribution is required and the number of requests per IP address is limited.

Check out the full documentation →

Unlimited Requests

If you would like to enable Access-Control-Allow-Origin headers, obtain unlimited API requests and run your own version of ZenQuotes, please consider a premium subscription.

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Events for April 18


2007 – A series of bombings, two of them being suicides, occur in Baghdad, killing 198 and injuring 251.

1906 – An earthquake and fire destroy much of San Francisco, California.

1943 – World War II: Operation Vengeance, Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto is killed when his aircraft is shot down by U.S. fighters over Bougainville Island.

1909Joan of Arc is beatified in Rome.

1912 – The Cunard liner RMS Carpathia brings 705 survivors from the RMS Titanic to New York City.

1996 – In Lebanon, at least 106 civilians are killed when the Israel Defense Forces shell the United Nations compound at Qana where more than 800 civilians had taken refuge.

1997 – The Red River flood begins and soon overwhelms the city of Grand Forks, North Dakota. Fire breaks out and spreads in downtown Grand Forks, but high water levels hamper efforts to reach the fire, leading to the destruction of 11 buildings.

1925 – The International Amateur Radio Union is formed in Paris.

2019 - A redacted version of the Mueller Report is released to the United States Congress and the public.

1775American Revolution: The British advancement by sea begins; Paul Revere and other riders warn the countryside of the troop movements.

1949 – The keel for the aircraft carrier USS United States is laid down at Newport News Drydock and Shipbuilding. However, construction is canceled five days later, resulting in the Revolt of the Admirals.

1955 – Twenty-nine nations meet at Bandung, Indonesia, for the first Asian-African Conference.

1987 – The New York Islanders defeat the Washington Capitals 3–2 in Game 7 of their Patrick Division Semifinal series.

1902 – The 7.5 MwGuatemala earthquake shakes Guatemala with a maximum Mercalli intensity of VIII (Severe), killing between 800 and 2,000.

1980 – The Republic of Zimbabwe (formerly Rhodesia) comes into being, with Canaan Banana as the country's first President. The Zimbabwean dollar replaces the Rhodesian dollar as the official currency.

1939Robert Menzies, who became Australia's longest-serving prime minister, is elected as leader of the United Australia Party after the death of Prime Minister Joseph Lyons.

1949 – The Republic of Ireland Act comes into effect.

1923Yankee Stadium: "The House that Ruth Built" opens.

1945 – Over 1,000 bombers attack the small island of Heligoland, Germany.

1518Bona Sforza is crowned as queen consort of Poland.

2018King Mswati III of Swaziland announces that his country's name will change to Eswatini.

1738Real Academia de la Historia ("Royal Academy of History") is founded in Madrid.

Notable Births & Deaths for April 18

  1993Matt Salisbury, English cricketer
  2015Roger Lobo, Macanese-Hong Kong businessman and politician (b. 1923)
  1986 – Maurice Edu, American soccer player
  1990 – Jake Howells, English footballer
  2008Germaine Tillion, French ethnologist and anthropologist (b. 1907)
  1989Jessica Jung, Korean American singer, songwriter, actress, and fashion designer
  1993 – Nathan Sykes, English singer-songwriter
  2014 – Dylan Tombides, Australian footballer (b. 1994)
  1987 – Rosie Huntington-Whiteley, English model and actress
  1996Mariah Bell, American figure skater
  1988 – Alexander Hauck, South African-German rugby player
  2018Bruno Sammartino, Italian professional wrestler (b. 1935)
  1990 – Wojciech Szczęsny, Polish footballer
  2014 – Eduard Kosolapov, Russian footballer (b. 1976)
  1987 – Ivan Tričkovski, Macedonian footballer
  2016Aleah Stanbridge, Swedish singer (b. 1977)
  2019Lyra McKee, Irish journalist (b. 1990)
  1990Henderson Álvarez, Venezuelan baseball player
  1988Andre Frolov, Estonian footballer
  2012Dick Clark, American television host and producer, founded Dick Clark Productions (b. 1929)
  2014Guru Dhanapal, Indian director and producer (b. 1959)
  2019 – Lorraine Warren, American paranormal investigator. (b. 1927)
  2018 – Dale Winton, British television presenter (b. 1955)
  2012 – K. D. Wentworth, American author (b. 1951)
  1986 – Efraín Velarde, Mexican footballer
  1987 – Danny Guthrie, English footballer
  2013 – Goran Švob, Croatian philosopher and author (b. 1947)
  2014 – Brian Priestman, English conductor and academic (b. 1927)
  1987 – Samantha Jade, Australian singer-songwriter and actress
  1986 – Taylor Griffin, American basketball player
  2012 – René Lépine, Canadian businessman and philanthropist (b. 1929)
  2006Mercedes Palomino, Spanish-born Quebec actor and theatre director (b. 1913)
  2014 – David McClarty, Northern Irish politician (b. 1951)
  1996 – Ioana Ducu, Romanian tennis player
  2014 – Sanford Jay Frank, American screenwriter and producer (b. 1954)
  2013Cordell Mosson, American bass player (b. 1952)
  1997Matthias Blübaum, German chess grandmaster
  1990 – Anna van der Breggen, Dutch cyclist
  1990 – Junior Torunarigha, Nigerian footballer
  1995Divock Origi, Belgian footballer
  2013 – Anne Williams, English activist (b. 1951)
  1987Brett Deledio, Australian footballer
  2007Iccho Itoh, Japanese politician (b. 1945)
  2015 – Erwin Waldner, German footballer (b. 1933)
  2017Vic Albury, Major League pitcher (b. 1947)
  1986 – Conrad Logan, Irish footballer
  2013 – Steuart Pringle, English general (b. 1928)
  1997 – Donny van de Beek, Dutch footballer

 Quick Start

Our API is incredibly easy to use, check out the code samples below to get started:

Read the full documentation →

Fetch Historical Events

All you need to do is send a request to https://apizen.date/api/[month]/[day]/[key] in order to generate a JSON array of historical events, including notable births and deaths. API data pulled from WikiPedia.

*[key] not required but recommended.


Sample Requests

https://apizen.date/api/1/1 - Generate notable events, births, and deaths for January 1.

https://apizen.date/api/5/5 - Generate notable events, births, and deaths for May 5.

https://apizen.date/api/12/25 - Generate notable events, births, and deaths for December 25.


Response

The result data is formatted as a JSON array, grouped by event type.


{ "info":"OnThisDay API", "date":"April_20", "updated":"1615972324",
"data":{
  "Events":[ { "text":"1303 &#8211; The Sapienza University of Rome is instituted by a bull of Pope Boniface VIII.&#91;1&#93;", "html":"<a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/1303\" title=\"1303\">1303</a> &#8211; The <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Sapienza_University_of_Rome\" title=\"Sapienza University of Rome\">Sapienza University of Rome</a> is instituted by a <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Papal_bull\" title=\"Papal bull\">bull</a> of <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Boniface_VIII\" title=\"Pope Boniface VIII\">Pope Boniface VIII</a>." },
  //.. MORE DATA ..//
  "Births":[ { "text":"1494 &#8211; Johannes Agricola, German theologian and reformer (d. 1566)&#91;8&#93;", "html":"<a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/1494\" title=\"1494\">1494</a> &#8211; <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Johannes_Agricola\" title=\"Johannes Agricola\">Johannes Agricola</a>, German theologian and reformer (d. 1566)" },
  //.. MORE DATA ..//
  "Deaths":[ { "text":"689 &#8211; Cædwalla, king of Wessex (b. 659)&#91;21&#93;", "html":"<a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/689\" title=\"689\">689</a> &#8211; <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/C%C3%A6dwalla_of_Wessex\" title=\"Cædwalla of Wessex\">Cædwalla</a>, king of <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Wessex\" title=\"Wessex\">Wessex</a> (b. 659)" },
  //.. MORE DATA ..//
} }

 Usage Limits and Attribution

Requests are restricted to 5 per 30 second period, an API key or registered IP is required for unlimited access and to enable Access-Control-Allow-Origin headers. We require that you show attribution with a link back to https://apizen.date/ when using the free version of this API. Contact support@zenquotes.io to chat with our friendly dev team and get registered.

Historical event data provided by <a href="https://apizen.date/" target="_blank">APIzen</a>
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